In this pun, the Second Commoner uses the the word sole in two ways. As in a shoe mender and as in he will "fix Marrullus" or "mend his bad soul".
In this pun, the second commoner uses the word awl as in the tool, basically all he lives by is working. He then uses it in the sense of all. He claims he meddles in all people lives.
1. Falvius: "...you idle creatures get you home!"
Flavius refers to and compares the commoners to "idle creatures" to demean them and because he feels he is better than them because he is of upper class
2. Brutus: "...the eye sees not itself."
Brutus means that he cannot see who he truely is. He can't see what his appearance or his true identity.
1. Why, man, doth bestride the narrow world like a colossus
The world is being compared to a colossus.
Cassius is comparing Caesar to a sick girl meaning that he was very weak as to what people see him as now.
Marrullus is telling the commoners to basically take back what they said and hope that they aren't punished by the gods for it.
Marrullus is trying to make the commoners regret what they said by pouring compliments and pride over Caesar and giving the image of red lava pouring over Pompey and how he overcame it.
Brutus is telling Cassius that he cannot see himself except for in a mirror. That he can't look at himself and see who he really is.
scansions of sentences:
_ _ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ _ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ _
And do you now strew flowers in his way that comes in triumph over Pompey's blood?
_ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^
2. Who speaks in poetry? Who speaks in prose? Who speaks in blank verse? why?
Caesar and Cassius speak in poetry, the second commoner and Casca speaks in prose, Flavius and Marrullus speak in blank verse. This is to somewhat emphasize their characteristics or importance.
Cassius Brutus Caesar
-Persuasive -Good man -Unstoppable force
-Convincing -honorable -Power-hungry
-Duplicitous- 2-faced -Loves honor more than fears death -Intelligent
-Dangerous -want to maintain Republic -Ambitious
-Flattery -virtue -Manipulative
Calpurnia C+P Portia
-Persistant -Caring -Crazy
-Caring -Feeling-inward feelings
-Outward signs -Strong
-more emotional -logical
Caesar C+B Brutus
-Selfish -easily persuaded -sensitive
-Arrogant -ambitious -doubtful
a. Brutus says, "Let's be sacrifices, but nor butchers, Caius." Collect together the expressions used by Brutus which are appropriate to butchery.
1. And let us bathe our hands in Caesar's blood up to the elbows, and besmear our swords: then walk we forth, even to the market-place, and, waving our red weapons o'er our heads, let's all cry 'Peace, freedom and liberty!'
b. Brutus says that ideally they should be killing Caesar's spirit, not his body. Look up the words of Caesar's ghost in Act IV Scene 3, lines 281, 282, and 284, and comment on the irony.
This is ironic because when Brutus says they should be killing his spirit an not him and they actually do kill Caesar, his spirit comes back to haunt them. Brutus was somewhat right when he mentioned it.
This is Ironic because
c. Brutus turns harsh words and phrases into softer ones, to make a savage act seem like a civilized one. How does he choose his words to achieve this?
He speaks in prose for one to get the village people to really listen to him. He also gives the people reasons for the murder of Caesae rather than logic. He asks them questions that could only be answered one way, in his case, a positive way.
d. How is Brutus's dismissal of
It is consistent because he makes the mistake twice by letting certain things slide fro his honourability. Where they both will come and get him in the long run. For example he let Antony give his speech because earlier he pictured Antony as this wimpy guy who will mourn for Caesar for a little bit then soon get over it.
8. “Romans, countrymen and lovers” (Act III Scene2, line13)
a. This is a speech based on reason (unlike Antony’s later, which is based on passion). Why does Brutus say the crowd should believe him?
He says the crowd should believe him because he says Caesar is ambitious continuously and claims he did the right thing because Caesar could have done soething wrong.
b. How many words can you find that are antithetical (that is, in strong contrast), such as “less”/ “more”, “living”/ “dead”? What is the cumulative effect?
The effect is gives off is it emphasizes the actual idea or theory. So an example would be "yes" could "be very much so".
c. Many words and phrases are balanced: for example, “As Caesar loved me, I weep for him ; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honour him”. Find more, and say why they are calculated to win over the crowd.
9. “Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears” (Act III Scene 2, line 71)
They are calculated to win over the crowd because they are in the form of the crowds' language and it compares to emphasize another thing's importance.
a. Antony uses the word “honourable” to describe Brutus and Cassius eight times. Each time the way in which it is spoken is different, and with a different purpose. Carefully trace the transition from the first “For Brutus was an honourable man” to “They that have done this deed are honourable”, explaining how Antony’s oratory has led the crowd from one point of view to another.
He says the conspiracy is full of honourable men while getting his point across by explaining how Caesar wasn't, as Brutus said, ambitious. He said that Caesar had good intentions and loved the Romans
b. In his second sentence, Antony says he is content to let Caesar’s good points be buried with his bones. How many good points does he in fact make before this 35-line speech is ended?
He made 6 points about how he loved the romans and made a will for them.
c. How does Antony deploy the words “ambition” and “ambitious” to win over the commoners to hid point of view?
He names all the things Caesar intended to do and mentioned his will and what he was going to do for the empire and made the Conspiracy look bad
1. Brutus- believe me for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that you may believe; This is an example of parallelism. This is because it is repetitive with the word honourable, or it’s adjective.
2. Brutus- Be patient till the last. Romans, countrymen, and lovers! hear me for my cause, and be silent, that you may hear. This is an example of parallelism. This is because it is repetitive with nouns and adverbs together.
3. Brutus- As Caesar loved me, I weep for him as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it as he was valiant, I honour him: but, as he was ambitious, I slew him. This is an example of isocolon because there is the same amount of syllables after each semicolon and comma.
5. Antony- And they would go and kiss dead Caesar's wounds And dip their napkins in his sacred blood, Yea, beg a hair of him for memory, And, dying, mention it within their wills, Bequeathing it as a rich legacy Unto their issue. This is an example of polysyndeton because the word and causes the sentence to slow or drag on.
Cicero: Oh, hey Casca! Did you bring Caesar home? Why are you so tired? And why are you looking at me funnt?
Casca: Dude, aren't you scared? Freaky things are going on out there! Either the gods are super pissed-off, or there's a war going on in heaven!
Cicero: I know dude! Isn't it great!
Casca: Are you crazy? A slave I knew burst into flames! Everything was on fire! And a lion randomly ran by totally staring me down. All the women were running around like psychos. These are bad signs and I think we're in big trouble.
Cicero: Yeah, but don't worry about it, man. Everything will be just fine. Will Caesar be at the Capitol tomorow?
Casca: You betcha!
p. 223 #17, p. 226 #10, p. 230 #10
17. In his argument with Cassius in Act IV scene 3, Brutus refers to Caesar in terms of both praise and censure. Find the speech and decide whether
a. the praise is consistent with earlier references to Caesar’s qualities and
b. whether the criticism is so major that Brutus should have mentioned it earlier.
The praise is consistent because he continuously mentions what he did but how he was ambitious because of it.
10. The quarrel scene (Act IV Scene 2) has been belittled by the critic Thomas Rymer in the seventeenth century; praised by John Dryden, his contemporary, for its “masculinity” in the eighteenth century; admired as an example of dramatic genius in the nineteenth century (by Samuel Taylor Coleridge); and dismissed as irrelevant by twentieth century critic Henry Bradley. Read it carefully and decide for yourself
a. Whether Brutus is (i) unrealistic in expecting his allies always to act honorably or (ii) admirable in his inflexible attitude toward corruption.
Brutus is admirable in his flexible attitude toward corruption because he believes that honour is the most important thing in his life and he would die for it.
b. Whether Brutus is (i) arrogant and insensitive towards Cassius at the beginning of the quarrel or (ii) properly firm and uncompromising.
He is properly firm and uncompromising because he doesn't go searching to bicker, but he is an honourable man and he basically wanted to get the job done quickly without any mess.
c. Whether Brutus is (i) taunts Cassius or (ii) refuses to be browbeaten by him (Explain your answer)
He refuses to be browbeaten by Cassius because he never taunts him, he simply stands up for what he believes him and subtly shuts Cassius out.
d. Whether Brutus is (i) insultingly cold or (ii) admirable forthright
He is admirable forthright because he never insults anyone or is completely cold. He finds a way to make his job honourable and make everything right for Rome.
e. Whether Brutus is (i) sober form …”hides wrongs” or (ii) whether he is “armed so strong in honesty” that he cannot compromise.
Brutus is armed quite strongly in honesty because he believes he is honourable and tries to always do the right thing.
Form an opinion of your own about the character of Brutus as it is revealed in the quarrel with Cassius from its beginning to its height.
10. The quarrel scene (Act IV Scene 3) shows Cassius in many moods.
a. choleric: what are the reasons for his anger, and are they justified
Brutus is angry because Cassius will not give up his power because he thinks he knows how to manage everything. Cassius has a temper and Brutus doesn't want to deal with it then. They are justified when Brutus speaks of honesty protecting him.
b. tormented: how does Brutus provoke him and what does Cassius’s restraint reveal about his personality?
Brutus provokes Cassius by encouraging him to do what he wants. He also tells Cassius that he is weak and because Cassius doesn't fight back, he furthers shows that he really is weak.
c. passionate: does the passion throw a new light on his character?
It showed a diiferent side of Cassius because he is a very solid and manipulating guy, though he shows this emotion through the conspiracy as he leads it with Brutus.
d. affectionate: how does this show and is it surprising?
He was affectionate because he shows affection toward the conspiracy even though he wanted to kill Caesar brutally with the conspiracy.
e. jocular: which episode brings out a flash of humor, and what is its purpose?
Lepidus was compared to a pack mule or a donkey to show he was a joke, rather than comparing him to a great stallion.
f. sympathetically emotional: would you have expected him to react to Portia’s death in the way he does? How does it compare with Brutus’s own response?
Yes, because he is now more revengeful and full of hate than ever. Brutus is very sad because he loved his wife very much and looked to her for comfort.
g. dependent: what evidence is there to show that in his relationship with Brutus, there is another side to Cassius than the one presented before the assassination?
He calls Brutus his "brother" which shows a loving and soft side rather than a rock hard and solid figure full of hate and hungry for power.
Discuss Act 4
Act 4 Scene 2: scroll down to bottom of page to locate the Audio link.
Our group chose to record Act 4, scene 2 scene because it shows how Brutus is
somewhat "cracking under pressure" Him and Cassius are trying to find a place to stay
before they and their armies go to war the following day. We also chose it so everyone
would have a part. I played the part of Lucilius. Lucilius is trying to convince Brutus
that Cassius is nofriend of his and that he does not trust him in this war. He is
somewhat of a messenger for Brutus in a sense that he warns him of things to some
whether good or bad. Lucilius is not portrayed as one of the stronger characters in the
conspiracy when compared with Brutus and Cassius, but he follows them in order to
do, what he thinks is, the right thing. Especially, when he goes against Cassius and
and tries to tell Brutus that he is "bad news."